By F.K. Erhard Voeltz
The twenty-one papers that make up this quantity replicate the huge viewpoint of African linguistic typology reports this present day. the place past volumes might current language fabric from a really constrained region and viewpoint, the current contributions mirror the worldwide curiosity and orientation of present African linguistic experiences. The reviews are approximately all implicational in nature. dependent upon an in depth survey of a specific linguistic phenomenon in a given language or language quarter conclusions are drawn concerning the basic nature approximately this phenomenon within the languages of Africa and past. They characterize as this type of first step which could eventually bring about a extra thorough knowing of African linguistic constructions. This technique is easily justified. Taking the opposite street, trying to decide upon linguistic information from frequently relatively superficially documented languages runs the chance that the information and its implications for the constitution investigated will be misunderstood. Consequentially merely only a few reviews of this nature giving the very large viewpoint, the evaluate of a selected constitution variety overlaying the full African continent are represented the following.
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Extra info for Studies in African Linguistic Typology
Second, given the well-documented susceptibility of systems of directional deixis to mechanisms of functional extension and full-fledged grammaticalization, the ability of soo to behave like an aspectual marker of continuation up to reference time invites comparison with similar phenomena in other languages. 15 (27) The marking of directional deixis in Somali to be explored, if only because it constitutes, on the face of it, a saliently idiosyncratic feature of directional deixis in Somali. Cross-linguistically, markers of directional deixis are subject to several parameters of variation; some of those are, broadly speaking, of the switch-on/switch-off type.
Iii) ‘I’ve been living with her for five years (. but I still can’t figure her out, or: . . subj ven wage-past ilaalin-ta iyo gudbin-ta din-ta preservation-def and transmission-def religion-def ‘The struggles and the wars [that] one has been waging [up to now] for the preservation and transmission of religion. ’ [Barre, M. Ciise. 1995. , Canada): Sisca Islamic Recordings and Bookstore, p. 1] Soo serves as a continuative marker in (40b), while highlighting the impact of the state of affairs on the situation obtaining at the present time.
In (59), endophoric anchoring – specifically, the Different-Subject constraint – places two inseparable requirements on the motion event: it has to be performed by somebody distinct from the anchor (‘he’) and its trajectory has to end up where the anchor is located (London). What this entails is that (a) sii is fundamentally a marker of “otherness” and (b) no more than one form of otherness can be enforced at any one time. Thus, sii in (59) is radically and inherently unable, it would seem, to signal both that the figure is not the individual who is in London and that whoever is moving has as her goal a destination other than London.
Studies in African Linguistic Typology by F.K. Erhard Voeltz