Sign Language and Linguistic Universals by Wendy Sandler PDF

By Wendy Sandler

ISBN-10: 0521482488

ISBN-13: 9780521482486

Signal languages are of serious curiosity to linguists simply because, whereas they're produced by means of a similar mind, their actual transmission differs enormously from that of spoken languages. Wendy Sandler and Diane Lillo-Martin evaluate spoken languages with those who are signed, with the intention to search common homes of human languages. No past historical past in signal language linguistics is believed, and various photographs are supplied to make descriptions obtainable to readers.

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Extra resources for Sign Language and Linguistic Universals

Sample text

E kanjian ta le. ’ b. ta kanjian e le. ’ c. e kanjian e le. ’ 15 16 Unit 1 Introduction With plain verbs, ASL turns out to be like Chinese: null arguments are allowed even without agreement, in the proper discourse context. An example is given in (13). (13) ASL (Lillo-Martin 1986a, p. 421) A. Did you eat my candy? B. Y E S , E A T -U P . ’ When it comes to null arguments, then, ASL allows two kinds: those identified by verbal agreement morphology, and those licensed by the discourse (Lillo-Martin 1986a).

See p. xx above for a full description of notation used. 3. We have focused on personal pronoun signs so far in our description of the linguistic use of space. Reflexive and possessive pronouns use the same locations, but different handshapes. For example, ASL uses the handshape for possessives and the handshape for reflexives, while ISL uses the handshape for possessives and the handshape (back of hand toward referent location) for reflexives. Although the shape of the hand used for different pronouns may vary from sign language to sign language, all signed languages reported on to date make similar use of space in their pronominal systems.

Verbs in ASL which would seem to fit the profile of verbs of transfer, such as B E G , F I R E , and F O R G I V E , all seem to conform to the phonological restrictions suggested on the basis of ISL, and, as predicted, do not show overt agreement. 19 An interesting question is whether the restrictions on agreement are the same or different across sign languages. That there are many similar restrictions across sign languages is clear. Mathur (2000) compares agreeing verb forms across four sign languages – ASL, DGS (Deutsche Geba¨rdensprache, German Sign Language), AUSLAN (Australian Sign Language), and NS (Nihon Shuya, Japanese Sign Language).

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Sign Language and Linguistic Universals by Wendy Sandler

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