By James Alex Baggett
Of the entire states within the Confederacy, Tennessee used to be the main sectionally divided. East Tennesseans antagonistic secession on the poll field in 1861, petitioned unsuccessfully for separate statehood, resisted the accomplice executive, enlisted in Union militias, elected U.S. congressmen, and fled as refugees into Kentucky. those refugees shaped Tennessee's first Union cavalry regiments in the course of early 1862, almost immediately thereafter by means of others geared up in Union-occupied center and West Tennessee. In Homegrown Yankees, the 1st book-length learn of Union cavalry from a accomplice nation, James Alex Baggett tells the impressive tale of Tennessee's dependable fastened regiments.
Fourteen fixed regiments that fought essentially in the barriers of the nation and 8 neighborhood devices made up Tennessee's Union cavalry. younger, nonslaveholding farmers who hostile secession, the Confederacy, and the battle -- from remoted villages east of Knoxville, the Cumberland Mountains, or the Tennessee River counties within the west -- stuffed the ranks. such a lot Tennesseans denounced those neighborhood bluecoats as renegades, turncoats, and Tories; accused them of betraying their humans, their part, and their race; and held them in larger contempt than infantrymen from the North.
Though those homegrown Yankees participated in lots of battles -- together with these within the Stones River, Tullahoma, Chickamauga, East Tennessee, Nashville, and Atlanta campaigns -- their tale offers infrequent insights into what happened among the battles. For them, army motion essentially intended virtually never-ending skirmishing with partisans, guerrillas, and bushwackers, in addition to with the insurgent raiders of John Hunt Morgan, Joseph Wheeler, and Nathan Bedford Forrest, who often recruited and provided themselves from at the back of enemy traces. Tennessee's Union cavalry scouted and foraged the nation-state, guarded outposts and railroads, acted as couriers, supported the flanks of infantry, and raided the enemy. infrequently, specifically in the course of the Nashville crusade, they supplied quick pursuit of accomplice forces. in addition they helped shield fellow unionists from an competitive pro-Confederate insurgency after 1862.
Baggett vividly describes the deprivation, disorder, and loneliness of cavalrymen residing at the war's outer edge and strains how conditions past their keep watch over -- akin to terrain, delivery, equipage, weaponry, public sentiment, and army coverage -- affected their lives. He additionally explores their well-earned recognition for plundering -- misdeeds stimulated by means of revenge, resentment, a scarcity of self-discipline, and the hard-war coverage of the Union military. within the never-before-told tale of those cavalrymen, Homegrown Yankees bargains new insights into an unexplored side of southern Unionism and gives an exhilarating new standpoint at the Civil conflict in Tennessee.
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Additional resources for Homegrown Yankees: Tennessee's Union Cavalry in the Civil War
The First Year 31 secession in his county and brieﬂy organized a loyal Union militia. Along with 40 percent of DeKalb County voters in June 1861, he opposed disunion. At Liberty’s so-called “Stokes’ box,” 170 of 200 voters cast their ballots against secession. When Tennessee left the Union, Stokes endorsed East Tennessee’s effort to break from the state, momentarily despaired of supporting the Union, and otherwise “remained quietly at home” until spring 1862. On May 3 he presided at a meeting to raise the Stars and Stripes over Alexandria, near Liberty.
Andes and McTeer, Loyal Mountain Troopers, 3, 5–7, 13–18; testimonial about Thompson’s role in the defeat of General John Hunt Morgan with descriptions of Thompson’s travels and her work for the Union, Sarah E. Thompson Papers, Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University. The First Year 27 “brass-barreled pistol” that had been such a comfort. ”14 Politically the Upper Cumberland counties adjoining East Tennessee favored secession by summer 1861 but still included many unionists.
2, June 10, 1863, TAGO Papers, RG 21, TSLA. ” Brig. Gen. George W. Morgan Brig. Gen. George W. Morgan From R. U. Johnson and C. C. , Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, 4 vols. (New York, 1884–88). CHAPTER 1 The First Year O nly a few companies of Tennessee Union cavalry organized during the ﬁrst year after the state seceded. Federal forces did not occupy parts of Middle and West Tennessee until winter 1862, and loyal companies did not form in those sections until that summer. East Tennessee remained in Confederate hands until the second half of 1863, and refugee-recruits joining the Union army in Kentucky as cavalrymen remained without mounts until fall 1862.
Homegrown Yankees: Tennessee's Union Cavalry in the Civil War by James Alex Baggett