By Jan Svennevig
What makes a getting familiar a recognizable conversational job, and the way are interpersonal relationships confirmed in a primary dialog? This ebook provides a theoretical framework for the examine of courting administration in dialog and an empirical learn of a corpus of preliminary interactions. It presents specified descriptions of the sequential assets unacquainted interlocutors use so as to:
determine universal contextual resources
It is argued that those sequential styles include conventionalized methods for constructing an interpersonal dating related to some extent of:
unity (mutual rights and obligations)
familiarity (mutual wisdom of non-public background)
mutual impact (emotional commitment)
The sequential research is predicated on a talk analytic strategy, whereas the interpretive framework contains pragmatic theories of politeness, conversational sort and customary flooring.
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Extra resources for Getting Acquainted in Conversation: A Study of Initial Interactions
By mutual rights and obligation, I mean rights and obligations that exceed those that obtain among all members of society (such as the right to pursue one’s own interests or the obligation not to impede unwarrantingly on others). In our culture the minimal obligation that holds between two acquaintances is reciprocal greeting (or some other token of recognition, for instance a passing smile), and the minimal right is engagement in talk (Goffman 1963:112f). By contrast, strangers do not have any obligation to greet each other (at least in cities and villages of a certain size) and their right to engage in talk is limited.
He uses the metaphor of the theatre for describing the establishment of identity and social relations. ) by the performances they make: A correctly staged and performed scene leads the audience to impute a self to a performed character, but this imputation — this self — is a product of a scene that comes off, and is not a cause of it. The self, then, as a performed character, is not an organic thing that has a specific location, whose fundamental fate is to be born, to mature, and to die; it is a dramatic effect arising diffusely from a scene that is presented, and the characteristic issue, the crucial concern, is whether it will be credited or discredited.
If accepted by the interlocutor as a true representation, an utterance establishes a state of mutual knowledge (common ground). Mutual knowledge of some piece of encyclopedic information creates a relation of common expertise while mutual knowledge of personal (diary) information establishes familiarity. People who have established a lasting state of openness about personal, or even more so private, information are intimates. I thus propose that relations of social distance include three different dimensions: solidarity, familiarity and affect.
Getting Acquainted in Conversation: A Study of Initial Interactions by Jan Svennevig