By Gabriele Diewald, Leena Kahlas-Tarkka, Ilse Wischer
This quantity bargains a coherent and designated photo of the diachronic improvement of verbal different types of outdated English, outdated excessive German, and different Germanic languages. ranging from the statement that German and English exhibit diverging paths within the improvement of verbal different types, even supposing they descended from a standard ancestor language, the contributions current in-depth, empirically based stories at the levels and instructions of those adjustments combining ancient comparative equipment with grammaticalisation conception. This choice of papers presents the reader with an essential resource of knowledge at the early strains of particular advancements, therefore laying the root for a broad-scale situation of the grammaticalisation of verbal different types. the amount may be of specific curiosity to students of language switch, grammaticalisation, and diachronic sociolinguistics; it bargains very important new insights for typologists and for everyone attracted to the makeup of verbal different types.
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Extra info for Comparative Studies in Early Germanic Languages: With a Focus on Verbal Categories
Robert A. Cloutier All examples of the infinitival commanding construction are in the active voice, as given in (8). ’ (Goth, Matthew 8: 18) Of the seven instances of this construction, only two have direct objects that represent the people being commanded, like in (8). In this example, siponjans ‘disciples’ is in the accusative plural and is the group being commanded to go beyond the sea. In the five other instances, the person or group being commanded is not expressed, as in (9). (9) Iesus haihait ina tiuhan du sis ‘Jesus commanded him to be brought to him’ (Goth, Luke 18: 40) In this example, ina ‘him’ is the direct object of tiuhan ‘to guide/lead’.
Mark 5: 22) Gothic generally translates these structures in the same way as they appear in Greek, but in three instances, the Gothic translation includes haitan with varying degrees of resemblance to the original Greek structure. This is perhaps testimony to the strong association of haitan with naming constructions as not even the verb namnjan, which itself is derived from the noun namo and might be considered a more appropriate choice, is used to translate ὄνομα when a verb appears. A closer examination of these examples will show the different strategies employed by Gothic for translating this structure.
Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache, 24th edn. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. Lotspeich, Claude M. 1933. Germanic Strong Verbs of Class VII. Journal of English and G ermanic Philology 32: 281–92. Mailhammer, Robert. 2007. The Germanic Strong Verbs: Foundations and Development of a New System [Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs 183]. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Matushansky, Ora. 2008. On the linguistic complexity of proper names. Linguistics and Philosophy 12: 573–627. Nielsen, Hans Frede.
Comparative Studies in Early Germanic Languages: With a Focus on Verbal Categories by Gabriele Diewald, Leena Kahlas-Tarkka, Ilse Wischer