By John Bowers
Sequence ahead -- Preface -- 1. advent and review -- 2. Passive -- three. Affectee arguments -- four. Grammatical functionality altering morphology -- five. Derived nominals -- 6. end -- Appendix A. A compositional semantics for argument heads -- Appendix B. First software of merge -- Notes -- References -- Index.
Read Online or Download Arguments as relations / PDF
Similar language & grammar books
'Markedness' refers back to the tendency of languages to teach a choice for specific buildings or sounds. This bias in the direction of 'marked' parts is constant inside of and throughout languages, and tells us very much approximately what languages can and can't do. This pioneering learn provides a groundbreaking thought of markedness in phonology.
This e-book makes an attempt to teach how you can arrive at an summary process which characterizes accurately ordinary language. this can be performed by means of taking the information of language and discovering in the facts such kinfolk as should be geared up right into a compatible version. the matter the following was once to not discover a extensive mathematical approach during which the constitution of language should be integrated, yet to discover what relatives, or quite family members between kinfolk, have been helpful and enough for language constitution.
Via his research of chosen significant advancements within the heritage of English, Jeremy Smith argues that the heritage of the language can simply be understood from a dynamic point of view. He proposes that inner linguistic mechanisms for language swap can't be meaningfully defined in isolation or irrespective of exterior linguistic elements.
Speedily expanding migration flows give a contribution to the advance of a number of different types of social and cultural differentiation in city components – or to ‘super-diversity’. Language range is a vital a part of the ensuing new social and cultural constellations. even though linguistic range isn't really a brand new phenomenon in keeping with se, the reaction of people or schooling structures to it's nonetheless mostly in accordance with a monolingual habitus, associating one kingdom (or a area inside a kingdom) to at least one language.
- Research Methodologies in Translation Studies
- Language, gender and sexual identity : poststructuralist perspectives
- Language Development Over the Lifespan
- Declarative and Procedural Determinants of Second Languages (Studies in Bilingualism)
- Laughter in Interaction (Studies in Interactional Sociolinguistics)
Extra resources for Arguments as relations /
F. (10) a. b. c. d. e. f. The books were given to me by myself. Mary was shown Johni by himselfi . The books were thrown at the meni by themselvesi . The package was received from Maryi by herselfi . Mary was hit with Supermani by himselfi . A present was bought for Maryi by herselfi . The books were given to myself by mei . *Mary was shown himselfi by Johni . The books were thrown at themselvesi by the meni . The package was received from herselfi by Maryi . *Mary was hit with himselfi by Supermani .
Daß pro getanzt worden ist b. Ic. . 16 Example (34a) would thus be derived as follows: (43) [CP es wurde [TP proexpl hwurdei-T [PrP h proi [VoiP h proi f ! f nom Case: nom p hwurdei-Voi [AgP [PP von uns/PROarb ] htanz-i-Ag[h tanz-i]]] getanzt-Voi] hwurdei-Pr]]] Notice that the Agree relation between T and the null expletive pronoun operates here exactly as it does in any passive sentence. Hence it is unnec- Passive 47 essary to stipulate, as it is Jaeggli’s theory, that intransitive verbs assign Case to -EN under government.
Here, the root throw has the a-selection features [Ag], [Th], and [A¤ ]. The light verb [v,A¤ ] has the c-selection feature [ toP ], while [v,Th] and [v,Ag] both c-select D with an unvalued Case feature: 18 Chapter 1 (26) The derivation proceeds as follows. First, the argument category Ag merges with the root throw, followed by adjunction of (an occurrence of ) throw to Ag and checking and deletion of the a-selection feature [Ag]. 20 Next, Th merges with AgP, followed by raising of the Ag head to Th and Merge of the DP the ball with Th 0 , satisfying the c-selection feature of Th.
Arguments as relations / by John Bowers