By Hans-Christian Schmitz (auth.)
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Extra resources for Accentuation and Interpretation
13 M is a reduced model, because the real world-index i ∗ , in relation to which the truth value of a sentence is determined, is lacking. Cf. deﬁnition A-10 in the appendix. – Why is M a reduced and not a complete model? – The holder of an information state must possess a model of TL in order to interpret the sentences of TL and to update his information state. If he would possess a complete model, he would be able to assign a truth value to each sentence. He would therefore already possess all the information that sentences of TL can give; updating his information state would not provide any new information.
2 The infringement implies that the answer is to a certain extent controversial and cannot be believed with certainty. 3. If a speaker expresses himself, for example, ironically or metaphorically and if it is immediately clear that what he says is literally understood to be incorrect, the recipient will, according to Grice, recognise a violation of the maxim of quality and infer the intended, non–literal but true meaning. 4. A speaker who violates the maxim of manner expresses himself not as clearly as he would be able to.
4. A speaker who violates the maxim of manner expresses himself not as clearly as he would be able to. As examples, Grice gives ambiguous, poetic texts and other utterances that could apparently have been shorter and more concise. The example for the last case is the utterance “Miss X produced a series of sounds that corresponded closely with the score of Home Sweet Home”, instead of the more concise “Miss X sang Home Sweet Home”. The recipient allegedly recognises a breach of the maxim of manner and concludes that Miss X’s performance satisﬁed the prevailing notions of singing only marginally.
Accentuation and Interpretation by Hans-Christian Schmitz (auth.)